Sunday, October 7, 2012

Educational Philosophy pt. 1

Idealism

  • 5th century Greece
  • Sociological and Philosophical revolutions
  • Socrates
    • Socratic Method
    • Thinking vs. Knowledge
  • Plato
    • of all things that really matter, Truth rests in the mind
    • Immortal forms
  1. Names
    1. Hegel, Emerson, Thoreau, Frobel
  2. Metaphysics
    1. The mental/spiritual world is ultimately REAL, not the "world of appearance"
    2. The mental/spiritual world is permanent, eternal
    3. The First cause, the Absolute, the Universal Mind and the Macrocosm (synonyms) 
    4. humans are a small part of this universal mind - microcosm
  3. Epistemology
    1. Truth is absolute and unchanging
    2. Knowledge/truth is latent in a human's mind
    3. The role of the teacher is to bring forth knowledge/truth
    4. the goal for students is to develop a broad, unifying universal perspective
    5. The curriculum is composed of the traditional disciplines with Theology and Philosophy at the top
  4. Axiology
    1. values are unchanging and applicable to all people at all times
    2. The value heritage is transmitted through core classes
    3. Great Classics
  5. Teacher/School
    1. The teacher is a model/vital agent in helping students realize their fullest potential
    2. The teacher/school should expose students to the great people and great works of the past
    3. the teacher draws out latent knowledge through Socratic questioning
    4. The teacher/school should provide for the student's intellectual growth

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